William Moore of Reading1
M, #1, b. 16 September 1747, d. 1 April 1823
- Birth*: 16 September 17471
- Marriage*: before 1781; Year of marriage a guess based on birth date of son Thomas. Could have been in Ireland or in America.; Principal=Mary (?)1
- Marriage*: 16 November 1791; Reading, Berks Co., Pennsylvania; Principal=Mary Campbell2,3
- Death*: 1 April 1823; Reading, Berks Co., Pennsylvania4,5,6
- Burial*: Charles Evans Cemetery, Reading, Berks Co., Pennsylvania5,7,8
Last Edited: 30 Jan 2021
Father: (?) Moore
- Immigration*: before 17789
- Note*: List of notes:
1 - Bio
2 - Thomas Moore Family Record
3 - Death notice & gravestone
4 - Wives
5 - Siblings and cousins
6 - Militia service: Revolutionary War & post war
7 - US Census
8 - Tax records
9 - 1806 Reading City Directory
10 - Business associates & friends
11 - Church membership
12 - Fire
13 - Merchant
14 - Insolvent debtor
15 - Newspaper notices from 1820
16 - Probate
17 - Land records
- Note: 1 - Bio:
"William Moore of the borough of Reading, Merchant", as he self-identified in many documents, was the immigrant ancestor of the main line of Moores in this database.
The family tradition is that he came from northern Ireland, and that he or other family members were actively engaged in the Irish rebellions. The author of the Judge James Moore sketch written in 1888 has a Robert Moore so engaged; while a Womelsdorf family author writing in 1933 has this William as the rebel. No documentary evidence is known to the compiler of this database.
In any case William Moore first appears in American records made between March 1777 to March 1778, placing him in Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, where he lived the rest of his life.
William and his wife Mary had their only known child, son Thomas, born 1781 three years after William's appearance in Reading. All we know of Mary is her birth date; she would have been age twenty four when Thomas was born. She must have died before 1791 when William married a Mary Campbell, of whom nothing more is known.
William had two known brothers in America, Samuel a merchant in the borough of Lebanon, about thirty miles west of Reading, of whom we know a bit, and a brother Robert of Reading that we know of from only a single record. William also had an uncle Judge James Moore of West Nantmeal Township, Chester County, about twenty miles south. William had the most to do with Judge Moore's son David.
Of his public life, he was an elder of the first Presbyterian church in Reading. He was captain of the local militia cavalry unit in 1794.
He invested in a lot of properties, holding rather than reselling. He was executor to several family member estates, and several others.
He suffered reversals. A fire burnt his store and home. Late in life he was unable to pay his debts.
- Note: 2 - Thomas Moore Family Record:
In the family possession is a very old document listing Thomas Moore's parents, his wife and their children, with all their birth dates. A treasure in its own right, in genealogical terms this document provides definitive evidence linking together three generations of people.1
- Note: 3 - Death notice & gravestone
Death notice in the Reading Adler, translated from German:
"Died, 14 days ago today, William Moore, in his 77th year of age, for many years a well-known and esteemed businessman in Reading."
Gravestone, Charles Evans Cemetery:
"In Memory of
who Departed this Life
April 1st in the Year of our Lord 1823
in the 76th Year of his Age."
Note that Charles Evans Cemetery was founded in 1846. The original place of burial is unknown to this compiler.4,5,7
- Note: 4 - Wives:
It appears that William Moore had two wives both named Mary.
Regarding the first: Mary was born 5 Jun 1757; her son Thomas was born 3 Feb 1781; so she was about 23 1/2; and William had been in Reading at least 3 years. So they could have been married in Ireland, but in America seems more likely. We know nothing about her death.
Regarding the second: There is the church record that "William Moore of Reading married a Mary Campbell of Reading, 11/16/1791." Thomas would have been about ten years old. Nothing more is known of Mary Campbell.
- Note: 5 - Siblings and cousins:
William Moore of Reading had two known brothers, and perhaps more siblings. He also had a known uncle and cousins.
Robert Moore of the Borough of Reading died and "William Moore, eldest Brother" posted the administrative bond 2 Oct 1800. There is no more documentary evidence.
Samuel Moore of Lebanon was also the brother of William Moore of Reading and they had a cousin David Moore of Chester County. In his 1795 will Samuel Moore appoints executors "my brother William Moore and my cousin David Moore of Chester". In the body of the will he conditionally makes a bequest to "my nephew Thomas Moore son of my brother William Moore". In a 1796 deed selling one of Samuel's properties, the executor is further identified as "William Moore of the Borough of Reading in Berks County Merchant and acting Executor of the Will and last Testament of Samuel Moore late of the Town of Lebanon in the County of Dauphin."
In his will Samuel makes another conditional bequest, to "my brothers and sisters", indicating that there are additional siblings yet to be identified. (Only one is known of, Robert Moore of Reading.)
Cousin David Moore was the son of Judge James Moore (1730-1802) of Chester County. William and David Moore were the executors of his will. William also did land purchases with David in Chester and other counties.
In a biographical sketch of Judge James Moore and another son, written in 1888, the author states "At different times eight nephews and one or more nieces were welcomed to his [Judge Moore's] home...One nephew, Samuel Moore, of Lancaster County, was a captain in the Pennsylvania Line, and was grandfather of General John Fulton Reynolds, the hero of Gettysburg, and of Rear-Admiral William Reynolds."10,11,12,13
- Note: 6 - Militia service, Revolutionary War & post war:
Militia service, Revolutionary War:
The earliest record of William Moore in America is contained in a published list of militia fines covering the period March 1777 to March 1778. There were two records:
William Moore £2.12.6 (Fourth Batt., Capt. Nagle's co. for "non-performance of militia duty and exercise".
William Moore £40.0.0 (4th Batt., Capt. Nagle's co., 4th class for "class fines".
The amounts were similar to those paid by others. Capt. Nagle's company was in charge of guarding a large prison camp close to Reading, holding many German and English prisoners.
There appears to have been only a single person named William Moore in this record.
Militia service, post war:
In September 1794 an army of four or five thousand militia men was organized to suppress the Whisky Insurrection, and ordered to assemble at Carlisle, Pennsylvania. The roster of units placed in the field included among the cavalry "Moore's Berks 38 [men]".
This cavalry leading Moore appears to be William Moore of Reading, based upon a 9 July 1796 notice in a Reading newspaper, placed by "William Moore, Captain" calling for a meeting of the "the Berks County Troop of Light Dragoons" for the purpose of electing officers.9,14,15,8
- Note: 7 - US Census:
There are only two William Moore heads of household in Berks County before 1840, one in Reading and one in Earl Township.
For the Reading William Moore family:
1790 Wm Moore, total persons 7.
1800 William Moore, total persons 8. (Also a John Moore in Reading, family of 5)
1810 Wm Moore, total persons 8. (Thomas is separate family of 7)
1820 William Moore & son, total persons 10.16
- Note: 8 - Tax records:
Two sets of tax records exist for Berks County in the period 1781 through 1785, the tax lists and the collections list. The only earlier records were for 1767.
William Moore first appears in the tax list in 1779 as a merchant in Reading, with no acres, no Negroes, one horse, one cow, and a fairly high tax of £7,986. This description was the same for 1780 (no horse) £30.5.0, 1781 £55.11, and 1784 (no amount). (Two other Moores appear in the 1784 tax list, Single Freemen, William Moore and John Moore.)
William Moore first appears in the collections made November 1783 through August 1784. He also appears in the collections made August 1784 to August 1785.
In 1783-1784 he is listed as William Moore, paying £29.1.4 (as one of the largest individual tax amounts paid) and as "Dundas, Moore & Co." paying £112.14.0. and for seizure of 346 gals. rum and wine £65.12.8 plus attorney's fee.
In 1784-1785 Dundas and Moore paid £129.6.8 (the largest tax amount).
Thomas Dundas appears starting earlier, in 1781.17,18
- Note: 9 - 1806 Reading City Directory:
"Penn Street, Between Callowhill and Prince (Fifth and Sixth) Streets
S. E. from Court House
Wm. Moore & Son"
No other Moore households appear.19
- Note: 10 - Business associates & friends:
Thomas Dundas was a neighbor and business associate. "Dundas, Moore & Co." appeared in the 1783-1784 tax records. Together they purchased two lots in Reading in 1785, and then Dundas sold his share to Moore in 1790. Also together in 1795 they purchased a two thirds part of brother Samuel Moore's house in Lebanon, and sold it after Samuel's death.
David Moore of Chester County was William's cousin. In 1802 they were co-executors of the estate of David's father James. As co-executors they sold properties in West Nantmeal Township Chester County, and in Northumberland County. In 1804 they were, along with a John Moore, co-executors of the estate of James Moore of Convoy (1745-1824) (see in this database). In 1820 David became insolvent and assigned his assets to William Moore among others. In 1820 David owed William $7000; this debt was assigned to Samuel Moore's son-in-law John Reynolds. In his will Samuel Moore's appointed William and David as co-executors, but David renounced.
The 1806 Reading city directory lists "Wm. Moore & Son".
Robert Gray "in the sixty seventh year of his age, formerly a respectable merchant of Philadelphia" died 27 Nov 1805 at the house of William Moore. William Moore administered the estate; £986 balance; an Edward Gray named; heirs not specified.
He is the right age to be a brother or cousin of the Francis Gray in this database, but that is pure speculation. Also, in 1801 a Robert Gray was a witness to one of William Moore's deeds.
In August 1817 "William Moore and Samuel Moore" announced in the newspaper the "dissolution of partnership...by mutual consent", and requested debtors and creditors to meet with Wm. Moore at his store in Reading. Nothing earlier is known about this partnership. In April 1818 they were still publishing announcements asking their debtors to pay. In December 1821 William Moore assigned to Samuel his share of debts owed the partnership. (In this database Samuel is called Samuel Moore of Stouchsburg (1786-1848); he is some sort of cousin of William Moore of Lebanon; he is not known to be related to William Moore of Reading.)20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28
- Note: 11 - Church membership:
The First Presbyterian Church of Reading was constituted in 1814 and four elders ordained. According to Moore family tradition William Moore was one of the elders.29
- Note: 12 - Fire:
On 13 May 1820 the Reading newspaper carried this notice:
"The subscribers return their sincere thanks to the inhabitants of the borough of Reading, for their exertions in saving so much of their
property at the late Fire, and in particular to Jacob Cough, for assisting William Moore out of the second story window, where he nearly suffocated with smoke.
They also beg the ladies to accept their greatest acknowledgements, for their prompt assistance, in furnishing, and making clothes for Mr. Moore and the children, who made their escape almost naked.
WILLIAM MOORE & SON"
In the middle of the night on 6 May 1820 a fire started at a neighboring merchants' liquor storage building, and strong winds carried the fire to seven houses and their out buildings. William Moore's two story brick house was destroyed by fire. The building also served as his store front, and storage for his stock of goods. The financial impact was devastating.30
- Note: 13 - Merchant:
William Moore self-identified in most legal documents as a merchant.
We have no information on his store business beyond a few newspaper adds. From land records we know he owned some large properties, held mortgages, sued people and was himself sued in turn.
A typical merchant of his time would have been buying goods from several dozen Philadelphia suppliers, buying on credit, typically payable in three to six months. His goods would been ranged from farm implements to sewing supplies. He would have been selling to townspeople, farmers, local artisans, local mine owners and employees, selling on credit, with accounts due in typically six months to a year. Species was uncommon; payments, when made, were more often in various notes issued by banks and larger businesses. Everyone in this web of credit was subject to the ups and downs of the British and American economies. Historians report a failure rate for merchants of one in three.
During the "Panic of 1819" about 40% of the banks failed including the nearby Lancaster bank. The depression lasted into 1821.
In 1822 William Moore became an "insolvent debtor", what we would call bankrupt. We do not know the triggering causes; family tradition lays blame on dishonest partners and agents. Following contemporary practices, he wrote a deed assigning all his assets to trustees, who were to sell properties, and payoff his creditors in proportion to their claims. His deed is unique in that it sets up favorable treatment for John Reynolds, the husband of his brother Samuel's daughter. Lawsuits continued beyond William Moore's death a year later.31,32
- Note: 14 - Insolvent debtor:
In January 1822 William Moore assigned all his assets in trust to two assignees, who were to sell the lands and pay off his creditors as best possible. This was the common practice.
Assignee George D. B. Keim was a prominent merchant and citizen of Reading who frequently crops up in histories of Reading. Assignee William Moore of Lebanon was also prominent merchant, whose extended family is treated in this database, although any blood connection to William Moore of Reading is unknown. Both assignees had conducted many land sales. The favored creditor John Reynold was the husband of Lydia Moore, niece of William Moore of Reading.
We know of the events through records of land sales in 1822, 1823 & 1825, and through newspaper notices in 1822 of land sales and notices to creditors. There is no preserved accounting. We do not know the identities or claims of the creditors.
Following is a short abstract of the indenture by which William Moore transferred his assets in trust to his assignees:
On 5 January 1822 William Moore of the Town of Reading late merchant, unable to pay his creditors, granted to George D. B. Keim of the same place and William Moore of Lebanon all his real estate, including nine listed properties in the borough of Reading, and in Berks, Lancaster and Lebanon counties. He also granted them all his personal estate except necessities including merchandise saved from his house fire, livestock, carts, and wagons, and bank and company stocks, and all debts owed him. He estimated the whole at $14,000 including good and bad debts. These were granted in trust, the trustees to be paid expenses and compensation. The proceeds were to be distributed to his creditors. Specifically, first John Reynold's claim of $4000 from the estate of David Moore of Chester County should be made up. Second his remaining creditors should be paid in proportion to their claims. Recorded 5 January 1822 Berks County Deeds.33
- Note: 15 - Newspaper notices from 1820:
3 June 1820 - Ran Away from William Moore. Bound black girl, age 16, about two years to serve.
3 June 1820 - Marshal's sale. Included long list of Hockley out-lots, including #45 William Moore, 5 acres.
1 July 1820 & 8 Dec 1821 - Public sale of dwelling house of Doctor James Diemer, by executors William Moore and Marks Jno. Biddle.
12 Aug 1820 - "Take Notice. The subscribers, owing to their late great loss by fire, are under necessity of calling on all those indebted to them to pay off their accounts, they hope they will not be under the necessity of calling on them a second time. William Moore & Son."
9 Dec 1820 - All persons indebted to the estate of James Diemer...are requested...to settle...before first of January, or they will be sued. William Moore, Marks Jno. Biddle, executors.
13 Apr 1822 - Sale of Valuable Real Estate - The newspaper notice placed by his assignees George D. B. Keim and William Moore of Lebanon describes nine properties of William Moore. Similar notices 18 May 1822, 29 Jun 1822. Notice for dwelling lot 11 Jun 1825.
13 Apr 1822 - Note to creditors of William Moore to present their accounts to George D. B. Keim or William Moore of Lebanon.34
- Note: 16 - Probate:
No Berks county probate record of any kind was found for William Moore, nor in Lancaster, Lebanon, Dauphin, and Philadelphia counties.35,36,37
- Note: 17 - Land records:
An attempt was made to find all land records to which William Moore of Reading was a party, including sales of his properties after his death. Most deeds were found and abstracted, about forty five deeds.
Not all sales could be matched to purchases, and vice versa. Also by reconciling to the properties listed in his 1822 assignment four more of properties were identified: a) two five acre lots in an undeveloped part of Reading called Hockley's out lots; b) one half of two tracts of woodland in Alsace Township 40 acres; c) lot No. 297 in the town of Lebanon; and d) three tracts and one third of unimproved land in Centre County containing 3473 acres. The first two were advertised, the second two were not.
The following list is organized by property; sales from 1822 by the assignees are last. In parenthesis are the county where recorded, the deed volume number and page, and the image number on FamilySearch.org 'FS' for some.
1) Two tracts in Chester Co:
1776, £600, Wm Moore buys 226 acre in Manor of Springton. (Chester, V, 522; FS 268)
1806, £1380, sells 226 acre. (Chester, A4, 236; FS 135)
1777, £1050, buys 153 acres in West Nantmeal. (Chester, V, 524; FS 269)
1795, £450, sells 153 acre. (Chester, M2, 57; FS 321)
2) Two lots in center of Reading where Wm Moore then lived, on the south side of Penn St., 60' by 230' and 30' by 230'; Nos. 11 & 12 in proprietors plan. (See 16 293 re numbering.)
1785, £347. Moore & Dundas buy moiety. (Berks, v. 13, 382; FS 502)
1788, £347, Moore & Dundas buy remainder. (Berks, v. 13, 383)
1790, £400, Dundas sells to Moore. (Berks, v. 13, 384)
1794, £450, Moore sells to Weymert, part of #11. (Berks, 16, 293, FS 159)
1825, $1400, Keim/Moore to Bell, part of #12. (Berks, v. 48, 17)
3) Two contiguous lots in Reading, six acres, just south of town center, between Yeager's and Klinger's Alleys, lot Nos. 10 & 18 in the Yeager/Klinger plan:
1789, £72, Wm Moore buys (Berks, v. 13, 378; FS 500)
1822 listed in assignment, as part of 13 1/2 acres
1822 Keim/Moore combined with lots 32 - 41, subdivided, advertised & sold most (per Berks v. 34, 25)
4) Samuel Moore's lot in Lebanon:
1784, £556, Samuel Moore buys house lot in town of Lebanon. (Lancaster EE, 379; FS 525)
1795, £370, Samuel sells 2/3rds ownership to Wm Moore & Dundas (Dauphin, v. 1I, 411; FS700)
1796, £400, Wm Moore & Dundas sell the 2/3rds to Krause (Dauphin, v. 1I, 413; FS 701)
1796, £200, Wm Moore as Samuel's executor sells remaining 1/3 to Krause (Dauphin, v. 1I, 414; FS 701)
This last deed is very important for genealogy evidence, as it states "Samuel Moore...made his last Will and Testament...and...did...appoint his brother the above named William Moore and his Cousin David Moore of Chester to be the Executor...".
5) 350 acres tract partly in Cumru and partly in Robeson townships:
1796, £702, Wm Moore and John Bishop purchase at sheriff's sale (Berks, v.19, 72; FS 51)
1796, £300 or £351. Moore sells to Bishop. (recorded twice with different amounts) (Berks, v. 15, 405; FS 525)
6) 1798 Wm Moore obtains judgement for a penal sum of £1200 against Samuel Berkhart and Philip Berkhart:
1801, 5s, Moore quit claimed Samuel Bell and Samuel Berkhart judgement and lien on grist and sawmill (Berks, 18, 151, FS 538)
7) Eight acre parcel in Reading, one third mile south of town center, between Callowhill and Prince [Fifth & Sixth] on north side of Bingaman.
1800, £92, Nos. 32, 33, 34, 39, 40 and 41 in proprietors plan (Berks, v. 17, 308)
1822 listed in assignment, as part of 13 1/2 acres
1822 Keim & Moore combine with another tract, subdivided, advertised and sold most, see below.
8) One acre lot in Reading, near center of town, No. 47, at Hamilton & Duke Sts. [Chestnut & Seventh]:
1801, £100, Wm Moore buys (Berks, v. 34, 634)
1806, $500, sells to Reading Academy (Berks, 21, 491)
9) Town lot in Sunbury, Northumberland Co., No. 73:
1801, £390,, Wm Moore buys at sheriff sale toward £836 debt of Peter Deisher to Wm Moore (Northumberland, v. W. 245)
1822 listed in assignment
1823, $60. Keim & Moore sell. (Northumberland County Deeds, v. W, 246)
10) Mortgage on 3 tracts in Brunswick Twp., Berks Co.:
1802, held by Wm Moore (Berks Mortgages, G. 310, FS 567)
11) Two tracts of 105 & 30 acres in West Nantmeal, Chester Co., James Moore estate:
1803, $4533 the balance due, executors Wm & David Moore sell to John Moore formerly of Reading (Chester, v. Y2, 278; FS 447)
12) 307 acre tract in Northumberland County:
1803, £560, Wm Moore purchased at sheriff sale toward £916 judgement against William Moore and David Moore executors of estate of James Moore Snr of Chester Co. (Northumberland, v. O, 519; FS 307)
1808, £1400, Moore sells. (Northumberland, v. O, 521; FS 308)
13) 1808, Wm Moore appoints David Moore of Chester Co his attorney in Northumberland Co. (Northumberland, v. O, 269; FS 157)
14) Lien on 30 acres in Maidencreek Township, Berks County
1819, $1, Wm Moore and Henry Betz discharge a lien against land of Penrose Wiley. Betz and Moore had judgements against Wiley for $5000 and $4275 respectively. (Berks, v. 31, 132; FS 84)
15) David Moore of West Nantmeal assigns his property in trust to Wm Moore & two other trustees, Denny and Evans:
1820, assignment to trustees. 2 tracts in West Nantmeal, 226 & 170 acres; 3 tracts in Luzerne Co. 40, 81 & 140 acres. (Chester, v. Q3, 543; FS 293)
1820, $3672, Wm Moore & Geo. Evans sell 240 acre tract West Nantmeal. (Chester, S3, 169; FS 95)
1829, $324, Evans sells 81 acre tract Providence Twp. Luzerne Co. (Luzerne, 28, 224; FS 120)
Sales for other tracts not found.
16) Tract 468 acres partly in Cumru and partly in Robeson townships, Berks Co.:
Purchase record not found.
1820. Wm Moore mortgaged to John Reynolds (Berks, Mortgages, K 365)
1820. Wm Moore assigned to John Reynolds of Lancaster a debt of $7000 owed to Wm Moore by David Moore of Chester County on a bond given by David Moore for money advanced to David Moore by Wm Moore. This assignment was made in consideration of and for the better securing the payment of £2276.8.6 and interest from 22 Dec 1819 owed by Wm Moore to John Reynolds. (Chester, v. P3, page 534; FS 354)
1822, listed in assignment
1823, $2000, sold to John Reynolds at sheriff sale, toward $6,535 debt of Wm Moore's heir Thomas Moore to Reynolds. (Berks, v. 34, 96)
1826. John Reynolds endorsed the mortgage, acknowledging receipt of $2,000 "in part satisfaction of my claim against the estate of William Moore" and discharged the morgtgage. (Berks, Mortgages, K 365)
17) 1822 Wm Moore assigns his property in trust to George D.B. Keim of Reading and William Moore of Lebanon (see note above).
18) Lot No. 107 in Reading, estate of James Diemer:
1822, $2005, executors Wm Moore & John Biddle sell. (Berks, v. 32, 340; FS 552)
19) Assignees sell Reading lots:
Assignees George D.B. Keim & Wm Moore of Lebanon combined the two tracts of six and eight acres near South Callowhill & Bingamen Sts. and subdivided them. (Lot numbers below are from the Keim/Moore plan unless otherwise indicated.) All sales were made on June 22 & June 29, 1822, except the last two in 1823 and 1825:
$288, Goodhand, lot Nos. 1 & 2 (Berks, v. 34, 25)
$136, Long, lot Nos. 2 & 3. (part of proprietors No. 45) (Berks, v. 32, 666)
$103, Lindenmeyer, lot No. 3 (Berks, v. 32, 602)
$106, Richards, lot No. 4 (Berks, v. 39, 87). Richards a surveyor immediately resold for $160.
$120, Eisenbies, lot No. 6 (Berks, v. 48, 539)
$131, Settley, lot No. 7 (Berks, v. 36, 581)
$867, Messersmith, lot Nos. 9, 27, 28 & half of No. 8 (Berks, v. 34, 25)
$185, Samuel Moore of Tulpehocken Twp., lot No. 12. (Berks, v. 35, 457) (any relationship unknown)
$213, Boyer, lot Nos. 13 & 14 (Berks, v. 53, 277)
$106, Allgaier, lot No. 15 (Berks, v. 34, 45)
$624, Werner, lot Nos. 23, 24, 26 29 (Berks, v. 32, 720)
$104, Yeager, lot No. 25 (Berks, v. 32, 704)
$295, Hain, lot No. 30 (Berks, v. 66, 28)
$500, Bell. proprietors lot No. 32. (Berks, v. 36, 722)
$1400, Bell, part of proprietors lot No. 12 (Berks, v. 48, 17)
$1655, Wells, lots on Penn St. (Berks, v. 36, 9)
20) Assignees sell other properties:
1823, $60. Keim & Moore sell town lot No. 73 in Sunbury, Northumberland Co. (Northumberland County Deeds, v. W, 246)38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47
- [S53] Family record of Thomas Moore, born 1781, naming his parents, wife and children and all their birth dates. Handwritten, in one hand, in old style writing and pen, on one tattered page. In family possession.
- [S49] Early, J. W., Trinity Lutheran Church of Reading, Berks County, Pennsylvania, Translated from the original by J. W. Early, Part Three (Marriages - 1754 - 1812). From the library of Dr. and Mrs. Glenn P. Schwalm. Publ. 1990 Closson Press. copyright Feb 1990 "Schuykill Roots" [Santa Clara City Lib.], p. 30.
- [S118] Nein, Jacqueline B. and Gail H. Hesser, Trinity Lutheran Church; Reading Pennsylvania; An alphabetized compilation of baptisms, marriages, and deaths from 1751-1904. 1988. [Sutro Lib.]
- [S62] GenealogyBank. URL: http://www.genealogybank.com, Reading Adler, Tues. 15 Apr 1823, p. 3. Translated by Brigitte Keen.
- [S142] Reading, Pa., Charles Evans Cemetery, gravestone photos, taken by Jeff Moore, 22 May 2011., Gravestone of William Moore, d. 1823.
- [S9] Berks Co. Pennsylvania Newspapers, Marriages and Deaths 1796-1845, Historical Society of Penn. : Copied by Mrs. C.M. Steinmetz from The Chronical of The Times, Reading Weekly Newspaper. Also copied from The Weekly Advertiser. Also copied from Kutztown Neutralist. FHL Microfilm 385042.
- [S56] FindAGrave.com, William Moore, 1823, Charles Evans Cemetery. Gravestone photo. And photo of cemetery record for plot, Section M, lot 13.
- [S124] Penn. Veterans Burial Cards. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commision. Viewed on Ancestry 2/2011.
- [S116] Morgan, Jacob. State of the Accounts of Jacob Morgan, Senior, Late Lieutenant of Berks County, from March 1777 to March 1780: In which is Exhibited the Amount of the Monies Received by Him Within that Time for Militia Fines, and Accounted For: Together with Lists Shewing by Whom They Were Paid ; and the Amount ... Publ. 1783 Phil. Viewed at Sutro, microfilm LH767., "List No. 1: Excise fines received in the years 1777 and 1778...", p. 18. "List No. 2: List of class fines incurred between March 1777 and March 1780", p. 42.
- [S22] Berks County, Pennsylvania. Register of Wills and Clerk of the Orphans' Court. FHL microfilm series titled 'Estate files, 1752-1915'. On FamilySearch.org Pennsylvania Probate Records, 1683-1994, Berks, Estates…, 'Estates 1800-1850 Miller, Michael-Moser, Weirich', file 'Moore, Robert RE 1800', image 1547-1550.
- [S129] Pennsylvania Probate Records, 1683-1994. Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. County courthouses, Pennsylvania. URL: https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1999196, Will of Samuel Moore. Dauphin Co., "Wills 1785-1814 vol. 1A-1C", Vol. 1A, p. 317, image 173.
- [S41] Dauphin Co., Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1785-1850 ; Index to Deeds, 1785-1917. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org., Vol. 1I, p. 414. image 701.
- [S104] Long, W. S., "Judge James Moore and Major James Moore, of Chester County, Pennsylvania", The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 12, No. 3 (Oct., 1888), pp. 304-309; viewed on url: https://www.jstor.org/stable/20083270. And Vol. 12, No. 4 (Jan., 1889), pp. 465-474; https://www.jstor.org/stable/20083289.
- [S36] Clark, William P. Official History of the Militia and the National Guard of the State of Pennsylvania from the earliest period of record to the present time, Publ. 1909 Hindler. Viewed at url http://www.memory.loc.gov/service/gdc/scd0001/2010/…, p. 164 (pdf p. 180).
- [S112] Montgomery, Morton L., History of Berks County In Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Everts, Peck & Richards, 1886. [Sutro Lib.], p. 168.
- [S165] US Census, accessed on Ancestry.com.
- [S12] Berks Co., Pennsylvania, State of the Accounts of the Collectors of Excise for Berks County. series. Aug 1774 - Nov 1781; Nov 1781 - Aug 1783; Nov 1783 - Aug 1784; Aug 1784 - Aug 1785. Publ. 1783-1786, Phil. Sutro, microfiche LH768 - LH771.
- [S127] Pennsylvania Archives, Third Series, Vol. XVIII, Provincial Papers Proprietary and State Tax Lists of the County of Berks, for the Years 1767,1769,1779,1780,1781,1784,1785. viewed on Fold3.com., 1779 p. 274, 1780 p. 399, 1781 o. 536, 1784 p. 654 & 658.
- [S144] Reading, Pa., City directories: 1) 'Directory of 1806. By M(atthias) S. Richards' (Microfiche C5 1270) & 2) 1856 by J. Knabb (Microfiche C5 1271) [Sutro].
- [S10] Berks Co., Pennsylvania, Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1734-1866; Index, 1752-1926. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org., Vol. 13, p. 382 & 384; Dundas. Vol. 34, p. 634; Gray.
- [S41] Dauphin Co., Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1785-1850 ; Index to Deeds, 1785-1917. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org., Vol. 1I, p. 411 & 414. David.
- [S31] Chester Co., Pennsylvania, Recorder of Deeds; Deeds 1688-1903 ; Index to deeds 1688-1922. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org., Book Y2, p. 278; S3 p. 169; Q3, p. 543. David.
- [S123] Northumberland Co., Pa., Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1770-1866; index, 1772-1914. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org., Book O, p. 519. David.
- [S9] Berks Co. Pennsylvania Newspapers, Marriages and Deaths 1796-1845, Historical Society of Penn. : Copied by Mrs. C.M. Steinmetz from The Chronical of The Times, Reading Weekly Newspaper. Also copied from The Weekly Advertiser. Also copied from Kutztown Neutralist. FHL Microfilm 385042., Kutztown Neutralist, November 30 1805. Gray.
- [S129] Pennsylvania Probate Records, 1683-1994. Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. County courthouses, Pennsylvania. URL: https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1999196, Berks, 'Estates 1800-1850 Gilson, Riah-Greth, John', file 'Gray, Robert RE 1806' image 1651.
- [S62] GenealogyBank. URL: http://www.genealogybank.com, Berks and Schuylkill Journal, Reading. 30 Aug 1817, Vol. 2, Issue 13, page 3. dissolution of partnership.
- [S62] GenealogyBank. URL: http://www.genealogybank.com, Berks and Schuylkill Journal, Reading. 25 Apr 1818, Vol. 2, Issue 47, page 3. dissolution of partnership.
- [S14] Berks County, Pa., Open Records, Recorder of Deeds Online Services. URL: https://countyfusion4.kofiletech.us/countyweb/login.do, Vol: Miscellaneous, Book: 1, Page: 20. dissolution of partnership.
- [S23] Bertolet, Samuel E. "The Presbyterian Church in Reading", in The Historical Review of Berks County, Vol. 8, No. 2, Jan 1943, p. 34.
- [S62] GenealogyBank. URL: http://www.genealogybank.com, Berks and Schuylkill Journal. 13 May 1820 p. 3. And 6 May 1820 p. 3 & clipping photo.
- [S171] Wenger, Diane E.; A Country Storekeeper in Pennsylvania: Creating Economic Networks in Early America, 1790-1807. Publ. 2012 Penn State Univ. Press.
- [S6] Balleisen, Edward J. Navigating Failure : Bankruptcy and Commercial Society in Antebellum America, Publ. 2001, Univ. of North Carolina Press.
- [S10] Berks Co., Pennsylvania, Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1734-1866; Index, 1752-1926. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org., Vol. 32, pp. 157-159; FS image 460.
- [S62] GenealogyBank. URL: http://www.genealogybank.com, Berks and Schuylkill Journal.
- [S129] Pennsylvania Probate Records, 1683-1994. Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. County courthouses, Pennsylvania. URL: https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1999196, Berks County: Estates 1800-1850 Miller..., image 1636; Will index 1752-1915 A-Z, image 270; Letter of administration and bonds index 1751-1915 A-Z, image 427; Bonds 1822-1829, image 136; Administration bonds 1815-1834 vol. 7-11, images 303-347.
- [S129] Pennsylvania Probate Records, 1683-1994. Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. County courthouses, Pennsylvania. URL: https://familysearch.org/search/collection/1999196, Lancaster county: Letter of administration index 1730-1830, image 100; Will index 1729-1947 L-Z, image 130; Lebanon county: Estate index 1813-1935 L-Z, image 94; Wills 1813-1843 vol. A-B, image 12. Dauphin county: Orphans' Court docket index 1785-1937 G-M, image 482; Wills 1812-1845 vol. 1D-1E, image 8.
- [S175] Williams, Richard T. and Mildred C. Williams. Index to wills and administration records, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1682-1850. publ. by then Danboro Penn. 1971-2. Vieweed on FamilySearch.org., page 121.
- [S10] Berks Co., Pennsylvania, Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1734-1866; Index, 1752-1926. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org.
- [S11] Berks Co., Pennsylvania, Recorder of Deeds; Mortgage records 1752-1822 ; Mortgagor index 1752-1926. Images on FamilySearch.org.
- [S14] Berks County, Pa., Open Records, Recorder of Deeds Online Services. URL: https://countyfusion4.kofiletech.us/countyweb/login.do.
- [S31] Chester Co., Pennsylvania, Recorder of Deeds; Deeds 1688-1903 ; Index to deeds 1688-1922. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org.
- [S41] Dauphin Co., Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1785-1850 ; Index to Deeds, 1785-1917. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org.
- [S82] Lancaster Co., Pennsylvania, Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1729-1867 ; Index, 1729-1894. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org.
- [S95] Lebanon Co., Pa., Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1813-1850 ; Index to Grantees and Grantors, 1813-1932. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org.
- [S105] Luzerne Co., Pennsylvania), Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1787-1901; indexes to deeds, 1780-1907. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org.
- [S123] Northumberland Co., Pa., Recorder of Deeds; Deeds, 1770-1866; index, 1772-1914. FHL microfilm series. Images on FamilySearch.org.
- [S62] GenealogyBank. URL: http://www.genealogybank.com, Berks and Schuylkill Journal, 13 Apr 1822, p. 1, 'Sale of Valuable Real Estate'.